|Title||Supervisory system for a wide area damping controller using PDCI modulation and real-time PMU feedback|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Brian J Pierre, Ryan T Elliott, David A Schoenwald, Jason C Neely, Raymond H Byrne, Dan Trudnowski, James Colwell|
|Conference Name||2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM)|
|Conference Location||Boston, MA, USA|
This paper describes a control scheme to mitigate inter-area oscillations through active damping. The control system uses real-time phasor measurement unit (PMU) feedback to construct a commanded power signal to modulate the flow of real power over the Pacific DC Intertie (PDCI) located in the western North American Power System (wNAPS). A hardware prototype was constructed to implement the control scheme. To ensure safe and reliable performance, the project integrates a supervisory system to ensure the controller is operating as expected at all times. A suite of supervisory functions are implemented across three hardware platforms. If any controller mal-function is detected, the supervisory system promptly disables the controller through a bumpless transfer method. This paper presents a detailed description of the control scheme, simulation results, the bumpless transfer method, and a redundancy and diversity method in the selection of PMU signals for feedback. This paper also describes in detail the supervisory system implemented to ensure safe and reliable damping performance of the real-time wide area damping controller.