|Title||Spinning Reserve from Responsive Loads|
|Year of Publication||2003|
|Authors||Brendan J Kirby, John D Kueck, Theo Laughner, Keith Morris|
|Keywords||Load as a Resource, LR05-001, spinning reserves|
Responsive load is the most underutilized reliability resource available to the power system today. It is currently not used at all to provide spinning reserve. Historically there were good reasons for this, but recent technological advances in communications and controls have provided new capabilities and eliminated many of the old obstacles. North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC), Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Northeast Power Coordinating Council (NPCC), New York State Reliability Council (NYSRC), and New York Independent System Operator (NYISO) rules are beginning to recognize these changes and are starting to encourage responsive load provision of reliability services.