Probing Signal Design for Power System Identification

TitleProbing Signal Design for Power System Identification
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsJohn W Pierre, Ning Zhou, Francis K Tuffner, John F Hauer, Dan Trudnowski, William A Mittelstadt
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Pagination835 - 843
Date Published05/2010
KeywordsAA07-001, AARD, Automatic Switchable Network (ASN), WECC

This paper investigates the design of effective input signals for low-level probing of power systems. In 2005, 2006, and 2008 the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) conducted four large-scale system-wide tests of the western interconnected power system where probing signals were injected by modulating the control signal at the Celilo end of the Pacific DC intertie. A major objective of these tests is the accurate estimation of the inter-area electromechanical modes. A key aspect of any such test is the design of an effective probing signal that leads to measured outputs rich in information about the modes. This paper specifically studies low-level probing signal design for power-system identification. The paper describes the design methodology and the advantages of this new probing signal which was successfully applied during these tests. This probing input is a multi-sine signal with its frequency content focused in the range of the inter-area modes. The period of the signal is over 2 min providing high-frequency resolution. Up to 15 cycles of the signal are injected resulting in a processing gain of 15. The resulting system response is studied in the time and frequency domains. Because of the new probing signal characteristics, these results show significant improvement in the output SNR compared to previous tests.

Short TitleIEEE Trans. Power Syst.