A Novel Bus-Aggregation-Based Structure-Preserving Power System Equivalent

TitleA Novel Bus-Aggregation-Based Structure-Preserving Power System Equivalent
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsDi Shi, Daniel J Tylavsky
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Pagination1 - 10
Date Published10/2014
KeywordsCERTS, power system planning, RM11-005

The challenges power systems engineers are facing today require the development of new system planning tools for analyzing generation and environmental policy options in the transmission-constrained electricity market. The requirements of a power-system equivalent to be used with such tools are very different from those assumed in the traditional network reduction process. To solve this issue, a novel structure-preserving network equivalent is proposed in this paper for modeling large power systems in the context of analyzing policy options and emissions. In the proposed method, a power system is first clustered into zones based on the similarity of the power transfer distribution factors (PTDFs); network reduction is achieved by aggregating buses (generators/loads) on a zonal basis and modeling inter-zonal transactions (power flows) using equivalent transmission lines. The proposed equivalent is superior to existing bus-aggregation-based equivalents in its accuracy under both the base case and change-case operating conditions. In addition, the method is more computationally efficient than other bus aggregation methods proposed heretofore. This paper also examined several classic clustering techniques and identified their performance and computational efficiencies when applied to very large power systems. The proposed network equivalencing approach is tested on an illustrative six-bus system as well as the 62,000-bus and 80,000-branch Eastern Interconnection (EI).

Short TitleIEEE Trans. Power Syst.