|Title||The measurand: The problem of frequency|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Conference Name||2016 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC)|
|Conference Location||Taipei, Taiwan|
The conceptual entity that metrologists term the measurand is a model selected to represent the physical entity being measured. In a world of digital measurements, it should be defined first mathematically, and only then put into words. Human linguistic processes lack the precision required when all we do is use labels. In this paper, reactive power and frequency are used as examples. The act of measurement finds the values of the coefficients of the model. In other words, it solves an equation. In a digital instrument, information about the quality of the fit between the physical entity being measured and the conceptual model is often available. In essence the instrument can comment on the selection of the model. This comment should be reported as part of the statement of the result of the measurement, along with the declared value and the uncertainty.