Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

TitleLoads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsGrayson C Heffner, Charles A Goldman, Brendan J Kirby, Michael Kintner-Meyer
Date Published05/2007
Keywordsancillary services, Load as a Resource, LR00-003

In this study, we examine the arrangements for and experiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in five electricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordic market, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objective in undertaking this review of international experience was to identify specific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads to effectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hope that this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S. and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments are needed to ensure that customer loads can meaningfully participate in all wholesale electricity markets.

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