Impact of Measurement Error on Synchrophasor Applications

TitleImpact of Measurement Error on Synchrophasor Applications
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsJiecheng Zhao, Jin Tan, Ling Wu, Lingwei Zhan, Yilu Liu, Joe Gracia, Paul D Ewing
Date Published07/2015
InstitutionOak Ridge National Laboratory
Report NumberORNL/TM-2015/314

Phasor measurement units (PMUs), a type of synchrophasor, are powerful diagnostic tools that can help avert catastrophic failures in the power grid. Because of this, PMU measurement errors are particularly worrisome. This report examines the internal and external factors contributing to PMU phase angle and frequency measurement errors and gives a reasonable explanation for them. It also analyzes the impact of those measurement errors on several synchrophasor applications: event location detection, oscillation detection, islanding detection, and dynamic line rating. The primary finding is that dynamic line rating is more likely to be influenced by measurement error. Other findings include the possibility of reporting nonoscillatory activity as an oscillation as the result of error, failing to detect oscillations submerged by error, and the unlikely impact of error on event location and islanding detection.