|Title||Generalized injection shift factors and application to estimation of power flow transients|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Yu Christine Chen, Alejandro D Dominguez-Garcia, Peter W Sauer|
|Conference Name||2014 North American Power Symposium (NAPS)|
|Conference Location||Pullman, WA, USA|
This paper proposes a method to estimate transmission line flows in a power system during the transient period following a loss of generation or increase in load contingency by using linear sensitivity injection shift factors (ISFs). Traditionally, ISFs are computed from an offline power flow model of the system with the slack bus defined. The proposed method, however, relies on generalized ISFs estimated via the solution of a system of linear equations that arise from high-frequency synchronized measurements obtained from phasor measurement units. Even though the generalized ISFs are obtained at the pre-disturbance steady-state operating point, by leveraging inertial and governor power flows during appropriate time-scales, they can be manipulated to predict active transmission line flows during the post-contingency transient period.