Frequency Response Analysis Tool

TitleFrequency Response Analysis Tool
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPavel V Etingov, Dmitry Kosterev, T. Dai
Date Published12/2014
InstitutionPacific Northwest National Laboratory
KeywordsAA14-003, AARD, frequency response, Frequency Response Initiative (FRI)

Frequency response has received a lot of attention in recent years at the national level, which culminated in the development and approval of North American Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC) BAL-003-1 Frequency Response and Frequency Bias Setting Reliability Standard. This report is prepared to describe the details of the work conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in collaboration with the Bonneville Power Administration and Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) Joint Synchronized Information Subcommittee (JSIS) to develop a frequency response analysis tool (FRAT). The document provides the details on the methodology and main features of the FRAT. The tool manages the database of under-frequency events and calculates the frequency response baseline. Frequency response calculations are consistent with frequency response measure (FRM) in NERC BAL-003-1 for an interconnection and balancing authority. The FRAT can use both phasor measurement unit (PMU) data, where available, and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) data. The tool is also capable of automatically generating NERC Frequency Response Survey (FRS) forms required by BAL-003-1 Standard. The tool has been released under an open source license. The primary users of the FRAT are balancing authorities and reliability coordinators. PNNL is continuously working on the FRAT development and improvement. Based on the industry feedback, new functions can be added.