Evaluation of mode estimation accuracy for small-signal stability analysis

TitleEvaluation of mode estimation accuracy for small-signal stability analysis
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsJim Follum, Ning Zhou, John W Pierre
Conference Name2011 North American Power Symposium (NAPS 2011)
Date Published08/2011
Conference LocationBoston, MA, USA
ISBN Number978-1-4577-0417-8
KeywordsAA09-002, AARD, Automatic Switchable Network (ASN), load modeling, power system monitoring

This paper proposes a method for determining electromechanical mode estimate accuracy by relating mode estimate error to residual values. Mode frequency and damping ratio were estimated using Prony analysis and residuals were calculated for a 17-machine model with varying levels of load noise. Mode estimate error and residuals were found to increase proportionally to each other as noise values were increased, revealing a distinctly linear relationship. The use of these results to develop appropriate confidence in models is discussed. With the relationship established, a method of predicting mode estimate error values based on residuals in the western North American power system (wNAPS) was developed. The potential of this method to evaluate the confidence level of mode estimates is examined.