Distributed Generation Interface to the CERTS Microgrid

TitleDistributed Generation Interface to the CERTS Microgrid
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsHassan Nikkhajoei, Robert H Lasseter
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Pagination1598 - 1608
Date Published07/2009
KeywordsCERTS, distributed generation, MG-TB002, microgrid test bed, microgrids

This paper focuses on the energy storage system and the power electronic interface included in microsources of the CERTS microgrid. CERTS stands for the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions. The consortium was formed in 1999 to research, develop, and disseminate new methods, tools, and technologies to protect and enhance the reliability of the U.S. electric power system and efficiency of competitive electricity markets. To provide the plug-and-play feature and the power quality requirements of the CERTS microgrid, all microsources regardless of their prime mover type must have a unified dynamic performance. This necessitates attaching an energy storage module to some or all of the microsources. The storage module is attached to the prime mover through a power electronic interface that couples the microsource to the microgrid. Details of the energy storage module, the power electronic interface and the corresponding controls are described. Performance of an example microsource, which includes a synchronous generator, a storage module and an electronic interface, is studied. Dynamic performance of the example microsource when operating in the CERTS microgrid is evaluated based on digital time-domain simulations in the EMTP-RV software environment. Effectiveness of the storage module, the electronic interface and the corresponding controls in enhancing the microsource performance is verified.

Short TitleIEEE Trans. Power Delivery