Decentralized control of distributed energy resources in radial distribution systems

TitleDecentralized control of distributed energy resources in radial distribution systems
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsWeixuan Lin, Eilyan Bitar
Conference Name2016 IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications (SmartGridComm)
Date Published11/2016
Conference LocationSydney, Australia

We consider the decentralized control of radial distribution systems with controllable photovoltaic inverters and storage devices. For such systems, we consider the problem of designing controllers that minimize the expected cost of meeting demand, while respecting distribution system and resource constraints. Employing a linear approximation of the branch flow model, we formulate this problem as the design of a decentralized disturbance-feedback controller that minimizes the expected value of a convex quadratic cost function, subject to convex quadratic constraints on the state and input. As such problems are, in general, computationally intractable, we derive an inner approximation to this decentralized control problem, which enables the efficient computation of an affine control policy via the solution of a conic program. As affine policies are, in general, suboptimal for the systems considered, we provide an efficient method to bound their suboptimality via the solution of another conic program. A case study of a 12 kV radial distribution feeder demonstrates that decentralized affine controllers can perform close to optimal.