LBNL contractors John Undrill, Energy Mark, and Advanced System Research, participated in a variety of technical support activities leading to the revisions to NERC Standard BAL-003. As a result of these efforts the NERC Standard BAL-003 contains for the first time requirements for interconnection frequency response and creates obligations for balancing authorities to maintain minimum levels of frequency response.
Technical support for revisions to NERC Standard BAL-003
"NERC Frequency Response Standard, Current Status, Issues, and 2010 to 2013 Field Trial Results." NERC Frequency Response Standard (BAL-003-1) 2013. .
"NERC Interconnections 2009-2012 Frequency Response Statistics, Typical Frequency Events Profiles, and Observations on NERC-FRI Report Statistics." NERC Interconnections Frequency Response Performance 2012. .