This project conducted first-ever demonstrations of the use of large fleets of residential load management technologies (radio-dispatched switches on central air conditioning units) to provide spinning reserves that met the operational dispatch requirements of the California ISO. Separate demonstrations were conducted with the Southern California Edison and Pacific Gas and Electric Companies, each using a different load management dispatch platform and 1000’s of air conditioning load control technologies. The demonstrations provided real-time visibility of aggregated load curtailments to system operators at the California ISO and explored a variety of technologies and methods for verifying aggregate performance following each dispatch event.
Residential Demand-Response Spinning Reserve Demonstrations at PG&E and SCE
"Using Residential AC Load Control in Grid Operations: PG&E's Ancillary Service Pilot." IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid 4.2 (2013) 1162-1170. .
Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement. Berkeley: LBNL, 2012. LBNL-5330E. .
"The Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration--Measuring the Speed and Magnitude of Aggregated Demand Response." 2012 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS)2012 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Maui, HI, USA: IEEE, 2012. 2012 - 2019. .
2009 Pacific Gas and Electric Company SmartAC Ancillary Services Pilot. Freeman, Sullivan & Co., 2009. .
Southern California Edison, 2009.
Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration - Phase 2 Findings from the Summer of 2008. Berkeley: LBNL, 2009. LBNL-2490E. .
Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration. Berkeley: LBNL, 2007. LBNL-62761. .