Project Directory

Title PI
SuperOPF Optimization Solver Enhancement

The objective of the SuperOPF project is to develop a framework that will provide proper allocation and valuation of resources through true co-optimization across multiple scenarios. Instead of solving a sequence of simpler and approximate sub-problems, the SuperOPF approach combines as much as possible into a single mathematical programming framework with a full AC network and simultaneous co-optimization across multiple scenarios with stochastic costs.

Chiang, Hsiao-Dong
Synchronized Sampling Uses for Real-Time Monitoring and Control

The scope of this project was to investigate the potential benefits of integrating information obtained by phasor measurement units (PMU) and other intelligent electronic devices (IED) into the control center real-time monitoring and control solution. 

The project focused on development of new software aimed at automated fault location and visualization. The phases below show the activities for the entire period:

Kezunovic, Mladen
Synchrophasor Data Validation and Conditioning

This project developed a prototype application for validating and conditioning real-time synchrophasor data.

Martin, Ken
Synchrophasor Metrology Gaps

This project addresses gaps in synchrophasor metrology, including identification of emerging needs and development of solutions in the form of techniques, procedures, and tools. This project involves strong working relationships with NIST and NERC.

Buckner, Mark
Synchrophasor Standards Support and Development

This project provides direct technical support for industry-led activities, conducted through the IEEE and IEC, to develop consensus standards for the technologies involved in synchrophasor grid monitoring systems—such as the means for describing the performance of phasor measurement units.

Martin, Ken
Synchrophasor System Data Baselining and Analysis (Wide-Area Baselining)

Building on earlier baselining and analysis work for the four Eastern Interconnetion ISOs (PJM, MISO, NY ISO, and ISO-NE), this project will include address the recommendations from the ISOs.

Bhargava, Bharat
Systematic Model Validation and Parameter Calibration Tools Suite (MVPCTS)

This tools suite to be developed uses PMU measurements to validate the models and calibrate incorrect parameters to describe a generator’s dynamic performance. It offers a non-intrusive alternative to traditional stage testing methods to provide this information—which is required by NERC standards—to grid operators.

Diao, Ruisheng
Technical support for preparation of NERC Frequency Response Initiative report

In 2012, NERC published the Frequency Response Initiative Report. LBNL staff and contractors (John Undrill, Energy Mark, and Advanced System Research) provided technical support for the development of the report, including: (a) an analysis of the balancing authority frequency response survey; (b) an analysis of the generator governor survey; and (c) an analysis of historic interconnection frequency response.

Eto, Joe
Technical support for revisions to NERC Standard BAL-003

LBNL contractors John Undrill, Energy Mark, and Advanced System Research, participated in a variety of technical support activities leading to the revisions to NERC Standard BAL-003. As a result of these efforts the NERC Standard BAL-003 contains for the first time requirements for interconnection frequency response and creates obligations for balancing authorities to maintain minimum levels of frequency response.

Martinez, Carlos
Transmission Investment Assessment Under Uncertainty

This project is developing methods that integrate capacity expansion decisions and OPF methodologies in a decomposition scheme in order to rigorously capture operational constraints such as security constraints, ramp limitations, and transmission flow limits—as well as longer-term investment issues.

Hobbs, Ben
Transmission Unit Commitment in Economic Dispatch

This project was designed to explore the potential saving in economic dispatch cost from simultaneous economic dispatch of generation resources and switching off lines in a smart grid environment.

Oren, Shmuel
Understanding Effects of Data Quality on Market Functions

This project focused on data quality on the real-time market operations of a power system.  In particular, the project addressed the following pertinent issues: (i) in the presence of bad data, to what degree that real-time locational marginal prices are affected? (ii) What are the worst scenarios of bad data that have the most significant impact on real-time prices of electricity? (iii) What are the effects of analog and digital forms of bad data? (iv) What are the potential risks on market operations from cyber data attacks?


Tong, Lang
Using Industrial Loads for Provisioning Ancillary Services

This project is focused on establishing the business case for industrial ancillary services providers.  Activities include determining the national and regional market potential of industrial DR, creating a user-friendly on-line tool and guidance document for use in discussions with potential industrial or commercial electricity users, and identifying demonstration opportunities for a follow-on Load as a Resource in an industrial facility.

Larry Markel
Virtual Bids and Flexible Bids: Risk Mitigation and Congestion Relief

This research is focused on two innovative bidding strategies in the day-ahead markets and the real-time market: virtual bids and flexible bids.

Varaiya, Pravin
Voltage Stability Applications Using Synchrophasor Data

The main objective of this project is to develop a voltage stability margin computation method using PMU data. The approach is to use the PMU data to estimate the Thevenin equivalent voltage and reactance, allowing a smaller size system to be analyzed for real-time stability application. Simultaneously, a new steady-state voltage stability technique called the AQ-bus method has been developed, which benefited this proposed voltage stability method. The program was handed over to BPA to allow for calculation, in an off-line capacity, of stability concerns.

Chow, Joe
Wide-Area Damping Control Proof-of-Concept

The primary objective of this project is to design and demonstrate a prototype control system for damping inter-area oscillations in large-scale interconnected power systems. This is a collaborative effort involving the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Sandia National Laboratories, and Montana Tech University. The damping control strategy employs real power injections at strategically located points in the grid based upon real-time Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) feedback.

Schoenwald, Dave
Wide-Area Real-Time Resources Adequacy Monitoring System (ACE Frequency)

The NERC-RA real-time tool enables NERC Reliability Coordinators and Operations Management to monitor and track interconnections load-generations secondary control performance and compliance with related reliability standards. It also allows NERC staff, Operations Subcommittees, and Operations Management to analyze, assess, and identify root causes of critical interconnections frequency events.

Martinez, Carlos