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Load as a Resource

CERTS is working to accelerate meaningful opportunities for customers to participate voluntarily in competitive electricity markets. Studies focus on determining the effect on market efficiency of customer participation (demand response) and on demonstrating advanced demand-response technologies and strategies that will improve the reliability of the grid.

The components of this research include:

Among the objectives of this research is the demonstration that loads such as municipal water-pumping systems and residential air conditioners, which have natural short-term energy storage capacity, can provide spinning reserve to the electricity system.

Key Accomplishments
Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration Project More information
Spinning Reserve From Responsive Load
(292 KB PDF, 41 pp)
More information
Evaluated New York ISO demand response programs.
(2.4 MB PDF, 376 pp)
More information


Chuck Goldman
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
(510) 486-4637

Michael Kintner-Meyer
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
(509) 375-4306

Brendan Kirby
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
(865) 576-1768